Communication and Interaction
CODE of Practice 2015
6.28 Children and young people with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) have difficulty in communicating with others. This may be because they have difficulty saying what they want to, understanding what is being said to them or they do not understand or use social rules of communication. The profile for every child with SLCN is different and their needs may change over time. They may have difficulty with one, some or all of the different aspects of speech, language or social communication at different times of their lives.
6.29 Children and young people with ASD, including Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism, are likely to have particular difficulties with social interaction. They may also experience difficulties with language, communication and imagination, which can impact on how they relate to others.
COP pg. 97
Some of the aspects of difficulty included in this area are:
1. Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
ASD is a relatively new term that recognises there are a number of sub-groups within the spectrum of autism.
Pupils with ASD find it difficult to:
• understand and use non-verbal and verbal communication
• understand social behaviour, which affects their ability to interact with children and adults
• think and behave flexibly, which may be shown in restricted, obsessional or repetitive activities.
Pupils with ASD cover the full range of ability and the severity of their impairment varies widely. Some pupils also have learning disabilities or other difficulties, making diagnosis difficult. Pupils with Asperger's syndrome should be recorded in this category. These pupils share the same triad of impairments but have higher intellectual abilities and their language development is different from the majority of pupils with autism.
Further information can be found at: https://www.autism.org.uk/advice-and-guidance/what-is-autism
Local organisations offering information, advice and support for children and young people with ASD and their families include:
What is Autism?
Explaining Autism to KS2 children
2. Speech, Language and Communication Needs (SLCN)
Children and young people may have a range of difficulties with speech and language, some of which may resolve as the student develops. For some children, such difficulties may be confined to their production of speech.
For others, it may be hard to find the right words or to join them together meaningfully in expressive language. They may have problems in communicating through speech and may find it hard to acquire language and express thoughts and ideas. They may experience difficulties or delays in understanding or responding to verbal cues from others, or in understanding and using appropriate language for social interaction.
The fact that a child or young person may understand and speak English as an additional language does not in itself constitute a speech and language difficulty. It is important to note, however, that different languages have different structures/phonologies (sound systems) which can sometimes cause initial short term difficulties.
Further information can be found at: www.afasic.org.uk
If you have any concerns, you can contact the local SALT support and either put in a referral yourself or speak to your child's class teacher.