At The Rissington school, we use a systematic phonics programme called Success For All Phonics. Each teaching phase builds on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘Green (decodable) and Red (sometimes known as tricky) words’.
Please do take time to access our Parent Portal for lots of information about our programme and how you can further support your child at home: https://parents.fft.org.uk
Here is how we write our letters in Early Years:
Phase 1 of the programme is taught in our Chipmunks, which is our Pre school setting. Phase 1 concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills. The phase teaches phonological awareness and rhyming.
Phase 2, Phrase 3 and Phase 4
In Phases 2, 3 and 4 children begin to learn the sounds that letters make (phonemes). There are 44 phonemes in all. Some phonemes are made with two letters (diagraphs).
We begin by learning the most commonly used phonemes first, starting with: /s/, /a/, /t/, /p/, /i/, /n/.
By the end of Phase 2 and 3 children should be able to blend many vowel-consonant (VC) and consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words, and attempt to spell them out. They also learn some high frequency ‘red words’ like ‘the’ and ‘go' 'were' and 'there' (common exception words.
Children will, among other things:
- Practise reading and spelling CVCC words (‘such,’ ‘belt,’ ‘milk’ etc)
- Practise reading and spelling high frequency words
- Practise reading and writing sentences.
- Learn alternative spellings
Children will be blending confidently to work out new words. They will recognise some words by sight rather than having to sound them out. They will be able to write every letter, mostly correctly, starting at the correct place.
Phase 5 begins in Year 1. Children learn new graphemes (different ways of spelling each sound) and alternative pronunciations for these: for example, learning that the grapheme ‘ow’ makes a different sound in ‘snow’ and ‘cow’.
They learn to read and spell split digraphs such as the a-e in ‘name'. They will choose the correct graphemes when spelling, and will learn more red (not fully decodable) words, including ‘beautiful,’ ‘everybody’ and ‘pretty’.
By the end of Year 1, children will be able to:
- Say the sound for any grapheme they are shown
- Write the common graphemes for any given sound (e.g. ‘e,’ ‘ee,’ ‘ie,’ ‘ea’)
- Use their phonics knowledge to read and spell unfamiliar words of up to three syllables
- Read all of the 100 high frequency words, and be able to spell most of them
- Word endings (cious, tion)
- Form all letters correctly
At the end of Year 1, all children will take part in the statutory Phonics Screening Check to ensure they have mastered the appropriate knowledge.
Phase 6 provides lessons to consolidate spelling skills and includes less common grapheme/phoneme correspondence.